Art is an important aspect of learning in early childhood education and must be carefully designed to encourage artistic development and foster their appreciation for the beauty in their world. Art enriches the lives of preschool children and infants as it provides that these experiences in the search for meaning about themselves and the world around them.
"The moment the child herself from how it looks and feels like to put lines on paper, he has found somethinghe will never lose, he has found art "- R. Kellogg 1969th
Rhoda Kellogg has taken 100,000 young children's drawings in pencil, pen, crayon or brush, and this extensive study student has helped in our understanding of the artistic development of children. She was particularly interested in the doodles of young children and she discovered that children make progress from scribbles to drawing pictures with a built-in, spontaneous method of self-teaching and wouldContinue until the children were 5 years old and only in the later stages of development, that children can Artwork coached and guided by an adult.
Kellogg also various symbols drawn by children in different cultures identified. The mandala design, which is a simple circle or a square of intersecting lines split, is produced by children in different parts of the world. Kellogg also discovered that preschool children and infants, unlike older children are not affectedabout their art or similar real nice things, but they move their hands around a feeling that it comes from within and are pleased to produce in the movement and scribbles to express it. With that in mind, it is important not to force them to look at physical objects and try to copy it, but allow them to experiment, to create, in their own way to them so that the opportunity to have their own ideas and express feelings.
The artistic development stages are thescribble stage, the basic shape of the stage and the picturesque scene. Although there is a predictable pattern in their development, preschoolers and young children move through the layers in different ways and at their own pace. These stages can help parents or teachers, how they work with children and make guidelines for planning for a particular group of children.
Kellogg's developmental stages
1st Scribble stage
These are the earliest drawings of small children.They are simple and random characters, made for the pleasure of drawing scribbles. During this phase, young children have no hesitation to pull in the attempt to represent something, but enjoy the process of scribbling on paper.
2nd Basic form stage
Children start with simple lines and shapes to draw. Kellogg identified several universal symbols to use that children all over the world. These include the mandala, sun, ladders, spirals, waves and rainbows. These symbols were used to communicate and the beginnings of writing. Children in this phase, continue to make a pleasure.
3rd Pictorial Stage
During this phase, children use the forms of level 2 to take on symbolic representations of real people and things like houses, trees and windows. They begin their drawings to tell stories and related expand their drawings belong to new meanings and understanding to identify.
Positive and appropriate care of preschool children and> Infants experience early artistic efforts can provide a strong foundation for later development and enjoyment of the artistic.